probably missing libraries or something , if you just copy some code from SFML and paste into chili framework it wont work cuz you missing libraries , or you should make Visual studio solution with cMake , so you could see source code
I'm guessing you haven't watched the chili video where he goes through the vcpkg setup. By the time chili was done, all he had to do was copy/paste the test code from the sfml website to an empty project and it just worked without having to setup the VC++ Directories or Linker/Additional Dependencies.
@Yumtard, you said you followed every step, but you may have missed something. Did you do the steps for the x86 AND the x64 versions of SFML? Did you do the global integration/installation step? I haven't tried following along so I don't have any other ideas besides looking over those two things.
Try going back through the video and go through the steps again if possible, perhaps you'll see something you've missed. When you do, make sure to look for error information, like missing libraries, missing files, permissions and so on.
If it still isn't working, perhaps you'll just have to do as egizz suggested and use the SFML library directly or through Nuget.